Varicose veins are diseases that quickly become chronic. The disease causes a change in the length and diameter of the veins, the appearance of nodules, thinning of the venous walls. Quite often varicose veins appear during pregnancy, when a woman's body has a significant load on the background of hormonal changes.
If we look at the causes of varicose veins during pregnancy, we can distinguish several main ones:
Veins appear in the legs during pregnancy due to weight gain of ten or more kilograms.
Some of the causes of varicose veins during pregnancy are easy to eliminate - just change your habits.
Varicose veins during pregnancy in the early stages are difficult to detect because there are no symptoms.
However, it is worth contacting your doctor if you have the following symptoms:
Varicose veins during pregnancy can be of several types. The most common disease is:
The manifestation of varicose veins in the pelvis has symptoms similar to some gynecological diseases, so it is the most difficult to diagnose. With each pregnancy, the risk of varicose veins of the labia also increases (symptoms are felt most after exercise or intercourse).
Varicose veins and pregnancy have a major impact on a woman's body, causing additional stress to many organs, so it is important to identify the disease at an early stage.
Duplex sonography is now used to detect varicose veins in pregnant women. This modern type of diagnosis has replaced previous ultrasound angioscanning and Doppler imaging. Duplex sonography is performed within twenty minutes and provides detailed information about the condition of both deep and superficial veins.
In some cases, for additional diagnostics, perform:
Not all methods that can be used to treat varicose veins after pregnancy can be used during pregnancy. For example, injections of certain drugs cannot be used during pregnancy and surgery is not always possible. These restrictions also apply to women with varicose veins in the legs, but planning to become pregnant in the next two years.
As mentioned earlier, varicose veins during pregnancy are dangerous due to limited treatment options. However, there are situations when medical treatment is not enough, then surgery is performed. For example, if severe thrombophlebitis is expressed or there are non-healing trophic ulcers.
In most cases, surgeries are performed at a gestational age of no more than six months and sclerotherapy or frequency ablation is used, and additional surgeries are performed after pregnancy. In the postoperative period it is prescribed to wear special underwear and therapeutic exercises - these recommendations apply to the postpartum period.
Today, if severe varicose veins are found during pregnancy, they practice using a laser for treatment instead of a scalpel. Modern technology allows you to beat varicose veins quickly and safely.
Doctors are well aware of the dangers of varicose veins, so they recommend that you consult a specialist at the first signs of the disease. In such a situation, a course of venotonic drugs and means to normalize blood density is prescribed. There is also a large selection of special ointments and gels for external use, including those containing ginkgo biloba. All drugs that affect the tone of the veins are serious, so they should be taken only on the schedule recommended by your doctor.
People have long been involved in the tandem of "pregnancy and varicose veins", therefore in the past and even today folk methods such as lotions, tinctures, ointments, baths are widely used in treatment. Of course, if the disease has started, then these techniques are considered exclusively as adjunctive therapy, but in the early stages, alternative treatment is quite effective.
Varicose veins during pregnancy are recommended to be treated with trays with infusions of various medicinal herbs, the choice of which is wide enough in any pharmacy. It is recommended:
Varicose veins in pregnant women are also treated with decoctions of herbs that are taken orally:
Varicose veins of the legs, like any disease, should not only be treated, but also preventive measures should be taken to prevent the disease or avoid its recurrence:
Remember that varicose veins of the legs are less common in people who exercise and lead a healthy lifestyle. Even light exercise helps maintain fitness and reduce the risk of developing varicose veins.