Fatigue, a feeling of heaviness in the legs, slight swelling of the tissues, swelling of the veins and the first visible "vascular networks" may indicate the development of varicose veins in the lower extremities.
The statistics for this disease are very sad. For example, in one country there are about 37 million people suffering from this disease. Every 6th patient is a girl under 12 years old. Such an early onset of the disease significantly increases the risk of complications that, when neglected, threaten disability and even death.
What's so terrible about varicose veins in the lower extremities? Why is it so important to stop its development in the early stages? For methods of its treatment, preventive measures from the point of view of specialists, as well as many other useful information about varicose veins of the lower extremities, read this article.
All veins in the human body are divided into deep, superficial and perforated. Deep vessels do almost all the work (90%) of transporting blood to the heart, and perforated vessels are a kind of bridge between deep and superficial. The structure of the veins provides for the presence of valves that direct and promote blood flow only in the right direction. When the circulatory system fails, some of the blood accumulates at some point. This leads to local expansion (elongation) of the vessel. The former suffer from deep veins (so-called internal varicose veins), later superficial in the form of "spider veins and nodes".
For a complete understanding of the severity of the disease, it is worth noting that its progression threatens the development of thrombophlebitis, pulmonary artery occlusion (or thromboembolism), as well as trophic leg ulcers, lymphostasis (swelling and lower extremities). many other problems of the patient's death.
Many factors can provoke the malfunction of blood vessels, blood flow in general and then stimulate the appearance of varicose veins on the superficial veins of the lower extremities. Let's look at the main ones:
Overweight, injuries, previous surgeries, hormonal disorders and the use of contraceptives complete the list of causes for the development of the disease.
The effectiveness of treatment, the speed of a positive result largely depends on the accuracy and timeliness of diagnosing diseases.
Signs of varicose veins of the lower extremities will help determine the disease in the early stages:
Even a slight disruption of the integrity of the skin at the site of eczema can lead to trophic ulcers.
In the case of varicose veins of the lower extremities, the symptoms may appear at a later stage, which is undesirable. Therefore, if you have the slightest suspicion of disease, it is advisable to consult a doctor.
Diagnosis of varicose veins of the lower extremities is performed using special equipment. Such a study is safe, painless and allows you to thoroughly examine the severity of the disease.
There are several diagnostic options:
During the diagnosis you can monitor the condition of blood vessels, valves, analyze their functionality and determine the direction of blood flow.
In general, the first reason to visit a doctor is unaesthetic changes. Of the first type, they are harmless, can further develop into serious diseases and complications. Therefore, you should not neglect their importance.
Doctors usually distinguish 5 stages of varicose veins of the lower extremities, each of which has its own symptoms:
The main task of both the patient and his doctor is to prevent the development of the disease after the initial stages and the sooner you contact a phlebologist, the easier it will be to stop the disease.
Medicine does not stand still, but develops the latest technologies to combat venous diseases. The treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities can be performed by conservative methods (drugs, minimally invasive procedures), surgical, home remedies in combination with massage.
Deteriorating the attractiveness of appearance is not the whole list of possible problems. Complications and disabilities can contribute to this. Modern medicine offers a wide range of non-surgical effects on problem areas and often physiotherapy for varicose veins of the lower extremities is most effective in the early stages of the disease:
It should be noted that prior consultation with a physician and special examination are required.
Late visits to the doctor, neglect of the disease lead to CVI (chronic venous insufficiency) and the inexpediency of minimally invasive therapy. In such cases, surgery comes to the rescue.
The following factors are considered indications for surgery for varicose veins of the lower extremities:
The principle of surgical intervention is based, like conservative techniques, on the elimination of the problem vein from the circulatory system. Only with minimally invasive methods are the vessels glued together and during the operation they are tied on both sides and removed.
There are several basic methods for surgical treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities:
Surgery will solve the problem of inflamed veins, reduce the risk of developing the disease and help relieve symptoms in the later stages. Compression underwear, venotonic drugs are the main condition for the rehabilitation period. They contribute to early recovery, normalize blood circulation.
Home remedies occupy a separate niche in the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities. There is no need to claim their great importance, but there is also nothing to belittle their dignity. Cooked decoctions, infusions, compresses can reduce pain, relieve heaviness and fatigue after a hard day.
As an option for treating reticular varicose veins, traditional medicine recommends a tincture of calamus root in red wine for internal use. There are also recipes for external rubbing.
Unopened birch buds are infused for 10 days at 0, 5 liters of vodka. When ready, the product is rubbed into the skin.
Useful compresses for varicose veins of the lower extremities of yogurt with garlic or wrapping with fresh cabbage leaves.
You shouldn't expect super fast results. The drugs are suitable for prophylactic purposes and for the treatment of primary varicose veins of the lower extremities, together with drugs prescribed by the doctor individually. Do not use any method of treatment without talking to your doctor.
The healing properties of massage have long been known to mankind. Massage of the lower extremities with varicose veins also has a beneficial effect. It improves blood and lymph flow, normalizes venous pressure and begins metabolic processes in tissues.
The massage technique is special. It is forbidden to touch the area of the affected vein in any possible way, only around it. Light pinching, wide grip and stroking are the main techniques of the procedure. It is recommended to combine massage with a set of exercises.
Gymnastics for varicose veins of the lower extremities involves performing a range of actions:
It is important for the doctor not only to approve the set of exercises for daily exercises, but also to make sure that the patient performs them correctly without creating additional stress on the vessels.
It's better to prevent the problem than to cure it later! Experts unanimously recommend the following measures to prevent the disease:
It should be remembered that varicose veins of the lower extremities is a progressive disease. From painless "stars" can develop into thrombophlebitis and trophic ulcers. Beauty, lack of pain and heaviness in the legs can be maintained by following the simple recommendations of specialists. If you have the slightest suspicion of disease, hurry to the phlebologist. Remember that varicose veins cannot be completely cured, but it is possible to prevent, minimize the risk of its further development. Be healthy!